Previous Events


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Global Partnership for Poverty & Entrepreneurship Webinar: Challenges in Conducting Research with Low-Income and Disadvantaged Entrepreneurs


On Wednesday, November 15th, we hosted a Global Partnership for Poverty & Entrepreneurship Webinar: Challenges in Conducting Research with Low-Income and Disadvantaged Entrepreneurs. We explored challenges and approaches surrounding a range of issues in sampling, measurement instruments, data collection, and data analysis with panelists Dr. Garry Bruton (Texas Christian University), Dr. Carla Canelas (American University in Paris), Dr. Chris Sutter (Miami University), and Dr. Susana Correia Santos (Rowan University).


Rethinking Global Business and Its Role in National Security & Global Development


Dr. Gary Gereffi ’70, Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director of Global Value Chains Center at Duke University, led two important discussions during his visit on November 16-17. In the first, “Rethinking Global Business and Its Role in National Security & Global Development,” Dr. Gereffi explored topics that may impact globalization in the future, including the impact of COVID-19, climate change, the rise of China on global trade markets, the re-emergence of industrial policy in the U.S., the role the U.S. government plays in shaping the production goals and priorities of major corporations at the national and regional levels, and the relationship between national markets and national security policies. This conversation provided a critical forum for faculty and students as the school reflects on the place of business-related themes, research, and courses in the Keough School. In the second, “Bridging the Gap Between Business, National Security, and Sustainable Development in the 21st Century”, Dr. Gereffi focused on the potential role schools of global affairs could have in addressing the reach of business and private finance in their identity and curricula on sustainable development.



About Dr. Gary Gereffi


Gary Gereffi

Dr. Gary Gereffi is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness at Duke University, where he teaches courses in economic sociology, globalization, and comparative development, and international competitiveness.

Recognized as one of the founders of the Global Value Chains (GVC) framework, Dr. Gereffi has worked closely with large corporations such as Maersk Group, Nike, Walmart, and Patagonia to evaluate their sustainable development and environmental impact strategies. He has also worked with the International Labor Organization, the World Trade Organization, and the World Bank – as well as non-governmental organizations such as Oxfam and the Environmental Defense Fund – to design and evaluate programs of inclusive and sustainable development that continue to evolve through the current era of trade wars and the U.S. electoral cycle.

Dr. Gereffi has published extensively on economic development and business-government relations in various parts of the world. He is best known for his sociological research and writing on the emergence of global supply chains, a relatively new field of research in which Gary has been a pioneer.



Recent Publications


2023 - “Navigating 21st Century Industrial Policy,” Columbia FDI Perspectives, September 16, No. 366.

2023 - “How to Make Global Supply Chains More Resilient,” Columbia FDI Perspectives, January 9, No. 348.

2023 - “Using the Global Value Chain Framework to Analyse and Tackle Global Environmental Crises” (Valentina De Marchi and Gary Gereffi). Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, 50, 1: 149-159.

2022 - China’s New Development Strategies: Upgrading from Above and from Below in Global Value Chains (Gary Gereffi, Penny Bamber, and Karina Fernandez-Stark, co-editors). Singapore: Palgrave-Macmillan.

2019 - “Introduction to the Handbook on Global Value Chains” (Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj- Reichert). Pp. 1-27 in Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj-Reichert (eds.), Handbook on Global Value Chains (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing).


COVID-19 and Global Supply Chains


The materials below relate directly to the topics covered in this episode and complement the guided listening index:

2021 - “Increasing resilience of medical supply chains during the COVID-19 pandemic.” Industrial Analytics d

2020 - [VIDEO] Covid-19 and medical supply shortages

2020 - "What does the COVID-19 pandemic teach us about GVCs? The case of medical supplies," Journal of International Business Policy

2020 - "Coronavirus Consequences on Global Value Chains," Strategic Management Society

2020 - "An integrative typology of global strategy and global value chains: The management and organization of cross-border activities," Global Strategy Journal

2020 - [VIDEO] Medical Trade Wars: The search for drugs, devices and PPE

2020 - [VIDEO] COVID-19 and Global Supply Chains: Disruptions and Restructuring

Additional Resources


2022 - “On the Road to Global Value Chains: How Industry Dynamics Reshaped Global Value Chains.” In M. Kipping, T. Kurosawa, and D.E. Westney (eds)., Oxford Handbook of Industry Dynamics, online access at

2020 - Shaping Sustainable Supply Chains: Hosted by the German Development Institute, the podcast investigates multiple societal dilemmas arising in global supply chains and offers insights into evidence-based solutions to shift towards more sustainable and fair global supply chains. Watch this quick video for more about this episode

2020 - "Global value chains: A review of the multi-disciplinary literature," Journal of International Business Studies

2019 - "Global value chains and international development policy: Bringing firms, networks and policy-engaged scholarship back in," Journal of International Business Policy

2018 - Global Value Chains and Development (Cambridge University Press)

2014 - Duke GVC Summit: The Duke GVC Summit brought together leading international organizations, government agencies, and NGOs, along with several dozen academics, practitioners, and policymakers from 12 countries who were thought leaders and experts on GVCs. Of note are the keynote address by Pascal Lamy, Director-General of the World Trade Organization, and interviews with Mr. Lamy and Anabel Gonzalez, former Trade Minister of Costa Rica and Senior Director of the World Bank's Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice.

2014 - North Carolina in the Global Economy: Researchers at the Duke GVC Center created a website that uses the tools of value chain analysis to examine seven of the main industries in North Carolina in terms of trade, employment, and production dynamics during a 20-year period (1992-2012). This website is a proof of concept for how university researchers could contribute useful knowledge for policymakers, businesses, and workers at the state level.

2005 - Is Wal-Mart Good for America? This PBS Frontline documentary from 2005 focuses on the impact of Wal-Mart's global sourcing strategy on US communities, workers, and consumers. Dr. Gereffi is featured in this video, which raises many issues that remain controversial today.



An important and largely neglected research question concerns the role of public policy in facilitating entrepreneurship as a pathway out of poverty. Government has lots of tools in its toolkit (e.g., taxation policies, income subsidies, loan guarantees, procurement set-asides, vouchers for business support services, grants, regulatory relief, direct business assistance). The challenge is to develop more inventive approaches to policies in each of these areas and ones that are tailored to the stages of business development.




Mckenna23 Community Connections

When: Wednesday, May 3rd, 5:30-7:30 PM

Where: The IDEA Center 1400 E. Angela Blvd., South Bend, IN 46617

Help support South Bend entrepreneurs from disadvantaged or adverse circumstances.

Our mission is to connect these emerging businesses to the larger business community in the South Bend region. These entrepreneurs will benefit from your support, advice, connections, and knowing you believe in them and their dreams.


When: Thursday, April 13th, 2023, 11 AM-1 PM

Where: 1050 Jenkins Nanovic Halls

Social entrepreneurship has always been with us, but in the last few decades, it has become a serious subject studied by scholars and something policy officials and community leaders across the globe have overtly attempted to facilitate. It is a field that remains incredibly diverse, with millions of social entrepreneurship initiatives operating around the globe. They come from individuals, nonprofit and community organizations, social enterprises, government entities, the private sector, and even universities.

In this special two-hour symposium, we will feature perspectives from two leading scholars in the field of social entrepreneurship, together with perspectives from social entrepreneurs operating at the community level. Social entrepreneurs address big challenges ranging from climate change and human trafficking to animal abuse and gender equality. This symposium will touch on a number of these while focusing especially on poverty and alternative solutions to its alleviation.

Click Here to Watch the Event


The question of entrepreneurship as part of the solution to global poverty is receiving increasing attention from scholars, economic development professionals, government officials, NGOs, and others. Yet, little evidence exists regarding the extent to which entrepreneurship actually moves individuals and their families out of poverty. While much of the research has been conducted in a developing country context, there is growing interest in the role of venture creation by those in poverty and disadvantaged circumstances (including many minorities, refugees, and the formerly incarcerated), in developed economies. Europe represents a case in point. In this two-hour session, three of the leading scholars in entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship share perspectives on issues surrounding entrepreneurship as a poverty alleviation tool in Europe.